Emilie Griffin prunes apple and pear trees in anticipation of a good crop next year
When pruning apple and pear trees, you need to make sure they are dormant – from December to late February, between leaf fall and bud break.
The way you prune your fruit tree depends on whether it is tip- or spur-bearing. And to determine this you will need to know how it has fruited in previous years.
Tip-bearing trees tend to fruit on the tips of branches. However you can get a partial tip-bearer that fruits both on the tips and the spurs.
Spur-bearing trees produce small stubby sideshoots along the branches.
Step 4 for spur-bearing trees
Step 4 for tip-bearing trees
Previously fruited shoots will look as though they have a callus (repaired wound) at the tip